Ancient India was known for its multi-faceted forms of Government. There are major aspects that can be taken note of, respecting factors of both economical as well as political interest. In a Democracy like India, the political scenario is completely different and rests on factors that are fit and unique. Therefore, a special case of registration can be recorded against the guilds in ancient India. This was basically an organization that reflected more on its specific functions. The combination of guilds included in the normal scenario of the democratic government, its court of justice, the trained workers of the country as well as the atmosphere of work that was protected in the atmosphere of the guild.
The basic functions of the guild system noticed in Ancient India:
The guilds were responsible for procuring raw materials that were used for manufacturing and controlling the demands of the people. This entire area was basically used for control and manufacture by the present form of government. This included basic factors related to manufacturing goods, controlling fluctuating prices of the government. This means that all the prices of goods in Ancient India were regulated by the members of the guilds.
One of the basic minority factors that are expected to be related to the Indian Guild system is that it follows the European Feudal system. All points can be related to the increase in trading factors that once took over the countries of the East, the Middle East, and the central region. The Guilds of Europe were identified as ‘’ merchant guilds’’, who traded specific products of very high value and importance. Thus, the major shift in focus was then shifted to the Craft guilds of the 14th century in India, were craftsmen started to produce extraordinary details related to art. Therefore, the exponential growth of trade in India started to foster under the Ancient Guilds system.
The historical factors of the Guilds trade system:
Some essential factors always play an important role in the overall strength of the ancient guild system. Special status can be given to the ancient inhabitants of India, who laid the foundation and began to set up these guilds for the sake of trade. Tradesmen in the earlier times had no clue about the foreign statistical methods. Thus, all things were very much conducted within the rural economy itself. However, when the occupation started to take place, there were basic considerations that had to be fulfilled. Some of them are listed below:
- The common people were to come hand in hand in this situation.
- The hereditary factor was nowhere to leave the people, all thanks to the ancient religious practices too.
- The idea that there was a guild character present was known to be the jetthaka. This was the common perception that people had during those times.
With the stabilizing factors that promoted the support of the guild system, the relationship and function of the tribe and caste were introduced. Ancient India believed in these practices and was happy about it. Later on, changed took place on a wider scale, under the domination of foreign rulers.
The reasons that led to the formation of guilds:
Apart from looking at the prospects of the people, their caste and system of living, another factor that played its dominant role in the formation of guilds was the strict rules. The conception of economic standards was introduced and ancient India had to cope up with the nations of the world. In this case, the economy should be performing on a relative scale. Therefore, the individual workforce and the introduction of labour took place. All classes of people freely merged to get the work done on time. The social status of people improved and the emergence was pretty much visible on solid grounds.
Guild development was conducted in stages and the consequent manufacturing of products was done under fruitful labor scenes. There were various stages of labour too, with regular and part-time workers segregated. However, the economy started to stabilize and conditions of work improvement can be noted and identified to the ancient guilds in India only.
The entire guilds system explains the current work of the political system in India. The transition is likely on good terms, with a solid leader in the stage!