Subjects of Union State and Concurrent List in Indian Constitution

Union List: India makes one of the largest democracies in the world and has been managing affairs like a pro. The entire country runs on a number of articles and schedules that were prepared a long time back in order to make sure the country runs in a peaceful manner. Being a huge country with billions living in it, India handles all its affairs very carefully. There are a number of activities and happenings inside as well as outside the country that needs to be supervised and taken care of in a very wise and smart manner. One of the most important things that need to be kept in mind while making decisions for a democratic country is that people should be happy with them, or at least most of them should be.

To make sure a considerable amount of attention is given to all the affairs of the country and to make fair decisions, all the affairs related to India are divided into some parts and come under different categories. There are mainly three types of lists on which all the state and union territories work. These are the subjects of union state and concurrent list. These lists are a very important part of our political system and work smoothly with our government’s policies. Any new rights or laws that are introduced in the country take place following these lists only.

Subjects of Union State and Concurrent List:

Union List

Union List of the seventh schedule:

  • Subjects of union state and concurrent lists
  • State List of the seventh schedule:
  • Subjects of union state and concurrent lists
  • Concurrent List of the seventh schedule:

Subjects of union state and concurrent lists come under the seventh schedule of the Indian constitution. Speaking of Union list, it holds as the most important as it contains laws which uniformly apply to the entire country. All the important decisions that require to be imposed on the entire country due to any reason come under the union list. This list is managed and worked on by the union government only. Affairs such as coinage, currency, defense, war and peace, external issues, trade and commerce, citizenship, banking, atomic energy, shipping and navigation, and 97 more subjects come under this list.

This means the laws related to all these subjects of the union list can be enforced or removed via the power of the union parliament. No other form of a government body can participate or influence the decisions related to the union list.

State List of the seventh schedule:

The state list is the second most important list of the Indian constitution. It has subjects that have to be managed and taken care of by the state governments only. This means the state government has the right to make decisions on the subjects mentioned in the state list. Laws and decisions related to union matters are not in control of the state government. However, the union government can interfere in matters related to the state if need be. State list subjects are considered to be their private decisions that work according to the will of the people belonging or living in a particular state. The list contains a total of 66 items which include hospitals and health, sanitation, public affairs, education, police, water supply, irrigation, dispensaries, taxes, etc. All these subjects are handled directly and independently by the state government and can make changes if required to the existing laws.

Concurrent List of the seventh schedule:

This list has its importance in the Indian constitution. This is a distinct list and is not present in any of the other constitutions present around the world. What makes this list so special is that it gives rights to both the union and the state government to take decisions on the matters present in this list. The state legislature and the union legislature can bend the laws or enforce laws as per the requirement. The matters which are more important go to the union legislature while the non-important ones go to the state government. Subjects such as criminal offence, bankruptcy, lunacy, cruelty to animals, etc. come under this list.

Subjects of union state and concurrent lists form a major part of the Indian constitution as it provides a piece of good knowledge about the various laws and rights for the Indian citizens.