Role Of Bureaucracy In India: Civil Service or the bureaucracy constitutes the professionals who are permanent and salaried employs that are a part of the government’s executive organ. They are politically neutral and their main job is to facilitate the effective working of different government departments and policy implementations. They, however, work under the control and leadership of the ministers.
In a broader sense bureaucracy consists of all the permanent government employees from peons to the high-level public servants. These people are highly educated and they acquire permanent positions and they are not affected by the change in political parties governing the state.
Bureaucrats or civil servants play a major role in the public administration and there are required by the elected government to implement and keep a check on the effective working of their policies.
Role Of Bureaucracy In India:
Implementing laws and government policies
After the elected government decides on a policy it is the responsibility and duty of the bureaucracy to implement those policies. Bureaucracy also plays an important role in the formation of different policies. While political executive is the one who heads the policymaking but they need the help of the bureaucracy for formulating it. Bureaucrats are responsible for giving feedback to the ministers about the positive and negative effects of the policy. They are also UPSC responsible for formulating many alternative policies and after that, it is the job of the political executive or the minister to adopt one such policy.
Running the administration
One of the key responsibilities of the bureaucracy is to make sure the day to day administration is running effectively. Unlike political executives who enjoy supervision and controlling power, they are responsible to keep administration running according to the laws, rules, and regulations that are formulated by the government.
Advisors to political executives
The other important role of the bureaucracy is to advice political executives on policy decisions and the effective running of the government. Since political executives are a novice and they have little or no knowledge of the functioning of the government, these bureaucrats are the best help they can get.
Since they are highly qualified and experienced, ministers look for them for information and advice for effective workings of the government departments.
An important role in law-making
They also play an indirect role in the making of laws. As they are the ones responsible for drafting the framework and the bills that are submitted to the legislature by the ministers for lawmaking. They assist ministers by providing them with all the necessary information that is required by the legislature.
They also play a vital Role Of Bureaucracy in the financial administration of the government. Political executives take advice from these bureaucrats for tax structure and administration and for financial planning. They are also responsible for the collection of taxes and solving any disputes that may occur during the recovery of these taxes.
They prepare taxation and budget proposals and can also grant tax reliefs and financial benefits to the people.
Responsible for public relations
These bureaucrats are also responsible for maintaining relations with the general public. Ministers count on them to inform their policy decisions to the populous and in return, they communicate the interests, views, and needs of the public to the ministers.
Role in record-keeping
They are also responsible for keeping and maintain governmental records. They are responsible for collecting, classifying, and analyzing all the data related to government activities. They also maintain and collect socio-economic statistics that are used for framing future development plans and public policies.
Control over the bureaucracy
Since these bureaucrats enjoy lots of power under their command, therefore, it is necessary to keep a watch over them so that they cannot misuse their powers. Therefore, every state exercises internal and external control over the bureaucracy.
There are a lot of hierarchies within the bureaucracy and lots of other agencies that keep a check on their dealings and workings.
Bureaucracy plays an important role in the working of both state and central government. These bureaucrats are responsible for every big and small policy formulation and implementation. They are the face of the government among the general public and act as a communication link between the public and the government.