Reservation in UPSC Exam 2020 – IAS Criteria and Rules!

Reservation in UPSC: The constitution of India, under article 16, provides authorization to the state to grant special perks to the weaker section in recruitment for public employment. The Government of India bestowed reservation to the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the employment of government jobs so that their representation could be improved.

There are numerous advantages for the candidates belonging to SC and ST communities. The primary benefit is associated with age. The aspirants from SC and ST communities get five years of relaxation in age. The secondary benefit is regarding the number of attempts. The aspirants get an unlimited number of attempts in the UPSC civil services examinations.

The government is ceding pre-examination training to weaker sections. This helps the aspirants from these communities to magnify their capabilities and perform more salutary in their examinations. In accession to this, many coaching institutes related to UPSC civil service examinations have sprung granting discounts in fees to the aspirants from SC and ST quota.

Reservation in UPSC Exam 2020:

Reservation in UPSC

The chief benefit of applying through SC/ST quota is the variation in cutoff marks from the general category candidates.

  • A candidate gets the benefit of reservation only in case if the candidate’s caste is included in the list of reserved categories issued by the Central Government.
  • A candidate belonging to General Category but requesting the Commission to change one’s category to the reserved one, such request shall not be entertained.
  • The same rule will be practiced for the physically disabled category as well.
  • Unfortunately, if a candidate becomes differently abled during the preparation of the civil service exam, it is mandatory that the candidate must produce valid documents to the Commission to take a relevant decision in the matter.
  • All the candidates who are seeking  Reservation for UPSE CSE exam available for SC/ST/PH/OBC/Ex-servicemen must ensure that they are eligible for the reservation as per the rules and should have the certificate prescribed by the Commission
  • No request for withdrawal of application of the candidature will be encouraged after the submission of the UPSC Application form under any circumstances.

Reservation in UPSC for Disabled Candidates

The UPSC Exam Eligibility for the physically disabled personalities availing reservation against the vacancies owned for them as directed in “The Persons with Disability Act, 1995.

The UPSC provides reservations for physically disabled applicants in the civil services exam. They are allowed to other privileges also like age relaxation and the number of attempts allowed. UPSC is very comprehensive of all people who are interested in the civil services exam and provides to all the people who may have specific disabilities.

Out of 980 vacancies this year, 27 vacancies are reserved for the physically handicapped (PH) category.


  • Only aspirants who have a disability of 40% or above are acceptable for such reservations.
  • PH applicants must submit a Disability Certificate issued by a Medical Board commissioned by the Central or State government.
  • This Medical Board should consist of about three members. And, one of the members should be a specialist in a particular area of disability (locomotor/hearing/visual, etc.)
  • For PH candidates there are specific functional requirements in each service specified in the list of services by the UPSC.
  • The date of the issue of the disability certificate should be before the last date of applying for the UPSC CSE prelims exam.