Every state in India has a governor to take part in the different activities of a state. That is to say, they are chosen by the central government and they are considered the entities from central to your state. Further, every state has elected chief ministers and other cabinet ministers by the people of the state. Whereas the governor of a state is appointed by the central government and the people of a state have nothing to do with it. The minimum tenure in which the governor can serve a state was five years and later extended. To clarify, the existing governor can serve until a new one is appointed by the government for a state.
Powers, Functions, and Roles of Governor in India
- The governor of India should be an Indian citizen and must have completed the age of 35 years.
- He is the chief executive of the state and does his function in accordance with the council of minister’s suggestions.
- The governor appointed in a state must not be from the same state as one have a higher possibility of involving in local politics.
- Also, he acts as an agent for the central government as a governor apart from the state government.
Powers and Functions of Governor in India
Governors can offer the best powers and functions of an Indian state as follows
- Legislative powers: The legislative Powers and functions of governor in India is based on two factors, which are with respect to bills and with respect to the legislature. The bills other than money bills have to be presented for the assent which he can pass or hold. However, if the bill is passed again, then he should assent the bill or reserve it for the president. Further, the money bill is reserved for the assent of a president and therefore the governor cannot interfere in the decision. With respect to the legislature, the legislative assembly can be summoned, dissolved, or prorogued by the governor.
- Judicial powers: If the state high court judicial wishes to see the president, then the president consults the governor before meeting them.
- Financial powers: The annual financial statement or state budget is usually laid down by a governor in the assembly. Based on his recommendation only, the money bill can be introduced to the state assembly. Similarly, the demand for grants is provided only based on the recommendation of a governor. The finance commission which is set up every 5 years is reviewed by the governor.
- Executive powers: The governor is the head and the council of ministers is the real executives who are responsible for executing the powers in a state. However, the governor appoints the posts of a chief minister of a state, other ministers of the state, advocate general, and so on. When a president rules the state, then the governor enjoys the maximum of executive powers.
- For two or more states: When the president is in his terms of office, then the allowances and emoluments of the governor are not usually diminished. However, when the president is appointed for two or more states, then the emoluments and allowances to a governor are based on the determination of the president on each state.
- Pardoning and Discretionary powers: The extension of state power is available to the governor for pardoning some of the cases. That is to say, he has the complete power to pardon or completely absolve an offender, substitute for one form of other, reducing the sentences without modifying the character, and awarding fewer punishments to the victims under special circumstances. Further, the discretionary Powers and functions of governor in India include ordinances making power.
To sum up, a governor is an important entity appointed by the Indian government to look after the welfare of the people of the state. Further, he is responsible for providing the various executive and legislative powers which in turn helps in the welfare of the state. The governor can be removed by the President of India without any reason. That is very rare and it is done only when the central government lost its confidence in the governor to implement the right policies.