The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), which is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) seeks to address issues regarding ‘Sustainable Agriculture’ in the context of risks associated with climate change by devising appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies for ensuring food security, equitable access to food resources, enhancing livelihood opportunities and contributing to economic stability at the national level.
- This scheme was started in 2010 under National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC) to transform Indian agriculture into a climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry.
- Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare is the nodal ministry for this scheme.
- To make agriculture more sustainable, productive, remunerative and climate resilient.
- Conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures.
- Adopt comprehensive soil management practices and optimize utilization of water resources.
- Capacity building of farmers in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures
NMSA has following four (4) major programme components or activities:
- 1. Rainfed Area Development (RAD)
- 2. On Farm Water Management (OFWM)
- 3. Soil Health Management (SHM)
- 4. Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture: Monitoring, Modeling and Networking (CCSAMMN)
- To devise strategic plans at the AgroClimatic Zone level so that action plans are contextualized to regional scales in the areas of Research and Development, Technology and Practices, Infrastructure and Capacity Building.
- To enhance agricultural productivity through customized interventions such as use of bio-technology to develop improved varieties of crops and livestock, promoting efficient irrigation systems, demonstration of appropriate technology, capacity building and skill development.
- To facilitate access to information and institutional support by expanding Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) networks to the Panchayat level and linking them to existing insurance mechanisms including Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS), scaling the returns at that level
- To promote “laboratory to land” research by creating Model Villages and Model Farm Units in rainfed and dryland areas.
- To strategize long term interventions for emission reduction from energy and non-energy uses by way of introduction of suitable crop varieties and farm practices, livestock and manure management.
- To realize the enormous potential of growth in dryland agriculture through development of drought and pest resistant crop varieties, adopting resource conserving technologies, providing institutional support to farmers and capacity building of stakeholders.