Linguistic Reorganization of States in India after Independence

The political information for a republican country in India has various stages of complications. While earlier leaders took charge of merging lands and ruling them on their own terms, the Constitution of India took the final decision of classification of states according to their own linguistic background. Every region you visit in India is geographically, historically as well as culturally separated. This brings all Indians to the verge of being culturally separated and known to speak various languages. Therefore, this nature of pure multi-lingual status is the true identity that speaks of complete confidence for the larger political scenario of the country!

Stating the Linguistic reorganization states without limitations:

How did the reorganization of states start?

The whole matter was a solid decision that took place in the year 1948. It was under the leadership of S.K.Dhar, a judge of Allahabad Court that the final reorganization was examined. Appointed by the Government, the linguistic scenario was always challenging and too critical to prevent any unrest in the country. The main intention of suiting to the status of dividing the nation on the basis of language was to simplify matters. However, on a closer look, it brought India closer to one another, while the boundaries of states still had that difference of culture and economy!

The formation of the first major linguistic state in India

In the year 1953, it was under the planned notifications of the Committee that a separate South Indian State was created. Andhra Pradesh has its very first language sorted out as Telegu. Although the agitation to consider the language was really tough, the formation of this state was mostly done under the pressure of the Indian Government!

Other states that were later on reorganized linguistically

With the formation of the state of Andhra Pradesh in the year 1953, other parts of the country too felt the need to split up. As a result, several diversions took place to create linguistic superior states in the East, West, and North. Some of the basic formations that can be taken note of are as follows:

  • The presence of the state of Maharashtra and Gujarat-

In the year 1960, Maharashtra and Gujarat came together to a mode of complete agitation in the country. The complete bifurcation of Bombay made it all the more a matter of strict linguistic diversion. With the division of Bombay, the number of states that had gained linguistic freedom rose to 15!

  • The formation of the state of Nagaland-

There was a different picture that the east was predicting the whole reorganization process. Therefore, when the state of Nagaland was formed in the year 1963, the language instructions was placed n the hands of the Assam Government. Later on, the state had its own language, which is today known by the name of Naga language

  • The foreign invaded lands and its reorganization-

When the British left India, they take on foreign rule was finally over. Therefore, places that were under the rule of French domination like Daman, Chandernagore, Mahe, were later on left to the decision of the government of respective states. These places merged to their own boundaries and were given its own reorganization languages!

The final thought on reorganization and its positive effects

While the limitations were clearly visible and the differences were noticed, the states of India received its complete linguistic independence with the reorganization. Later on, in the 1970s, other states like Meghalaya, Tripura, Agartala, Mizoram, and even Arunachal Pradesh received their complete free status too. With all of the formation ready in place, India today has 29 states and 8 union territories!