What is Monsoon and Major Factors Affecting Monsoon in India

Factors Affecting Climate of India: We all wait for the monsoon season but once it hits, we suffer a lot. Some of the factors affecting the climate of India are revealed, the monsoons in India are serious since the last few years as most of the cities are flooded with rainwater and causing the death of a few lives. Further, the suffering of the people after these monsoons is a lot and the aftermath of a monsoon season is very difficult. The time taken by the people to lead to their normal lives is very high and therefore the people are sceptical about this season. However, the word ‘monsoon’ is derived from ‘Mausim’, the Arabic word used for the flow of the wind from south-west to the north-east.

Factors Affecting Climate of India:

  • Altitude
  • Ocean currents
  • Elevation
  • Wind and air masses
  • Sea distance
  • Mountain ranges
  • Physiography

Factors Affecting Monsoon in India

What Is Monsoon?

Indian peninsula with the majestic Himalayas at the north helps the country to receive the most waited rainfall for the year. The best thing about this is most of the regions of the country gets the best rains that is helpful for the crops and other plantation to have the best results. The monsoon season usually starts from the middle of September and lasts until December. The monsoon in South India depends on the wind movement that causes the North-west and south-east rainfall for the year. Further, North India receives showers during May-July that is followed by the snowfall and fog.

How Does It Work?

Since the land of India is covered by three different water bodies, the monsoon also varies providing the best vegetation to the land. The rays of the sun are over the Tropic of Cancer during summers and cause the pressure to get lowered in oceans. This causes the high pressure and the winds absorb all the moisture that hits the Himalayas to shower rain there.

This process gets reversed after a few months as the high pressure gets created and the wind travelling from North to South causing showers in the southern parts.

  • Altitude: The altitude of the land or area is a major factor as it is the one that determines the measurement of the distance of land from the equator.
  • Ocean currents: There are different oceans across the globe and the temperature of these oceans varies much. That is to say, when the warm air hits the coast then it causes the oceans to be warm. However, when the cold winds hit the surface then the ocean temperature varies. This major factor helps in the ocean currents to travel across the nation and cause monsoon rainfall.
  • Elevation: If you are living higher, then the dry temperature and colder it will be. That is to say, the low air pressure causes the air to expand and the low air pressure causes the coldness.
  • Wind and air masses: The air pressure can vary at different temperatures caused by the wind. Therefore the mass of air and wind in the ocean plays a major role in providing monsoons to the nation. The heated ground causes low air pressure due to its rise and the expansion of this pressure causes the air to cool. This rise and cool of the ground results in higher pressure and the cycle repeats. This causes wind creation and the air masses absorb the climate of the air below the temperature.
  • Sea distance: The distance of your land from the sea also makes a difference when the monsoon hits. That is to say, if you are living in the coastal area, then you can experience the immediate results. However, when you travel farther from seas and oceans, then the effect of the ocean currents and the rainfall would drastically fall.
  • Mountain ranges: The ranges of mountains in your area also play a vital role in monsoons. This is because of the act as a physical barrier to the rain that bears south-west and northern frontiers of India. These monsoon winds cause a compelling climate to shower monsoons to south India.
  • Physiography: The physical features of the land such as atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wind direction, and the total rainfall amount plays a major role in the country’s monsoons.

In short, these are the important monsoon Factors affecting the climate of India that are helpful in providing the best showers to the regions.