Committee System In The Indian Parliament: Strengthening the business of the political house has been done under various perspectives. In this case, the note on the committee system in the Indian parliament can be understood in terms of better conditions of the legislative body features. The basic transacting position of the house is handled only under the strict regime of the committee members. The word committee here is taken from the French word, ‘’Command’, which refers to ‘’trust’’. Therefore, the committee is basically a system that comprises of three or more individuals of the legislative body. Various points of discussion are held under this body in basic areas, related to investigation reports!
Role of the Committee System in the Indian Parliament
In the Indian context, the Committee system had gained its grounds on the Indian soil in the year 1854. A standing committee of four individuals was appointed. In the recent scenario, there are only two committees in the Indian parliament present. However, there are several categories present that help in the smooth running of affairs in the country. Since the first appointment, the basic structure of the committee had been laid down. Thus, proper trust and strict routine were entrusted to help the individuals receive better forms of service and deliver improved services to their own Country.
The various categories of the committee system in the Indian parliament:
There is more than one committee system running the country. These happen to be the following:
- Business advisory body
- Rules committee
- Committee on Private member bills
Each one of the above committees is responsible for a certain series of actions that are conducted in a single or joint sitting. Apart from WIKI the social committees, there are financial committees present as well, whose list is written below:
- Public accounts committee
- Estimates committee
- Committee of public undertakings
The finance sector is fully responsible for regulating the bills of the Indian parliament. The nomination is done on the basis of joint action, which is adjourned and governed by the present Presiding officer. The House takes the action in relation to the passing of a particular bill after it has been examined thoroughly. Scrutinizing is always an aspect that bills go through. If changes are to be made, it again seeks the recommendations of the members of the committee.
The bills and its reports, once submitted, take the final concern of the ministers here. The bill that has been resending back to the committee and is not valid, fails to cease again.
The dissolving nature of the committees:
Not all committees formed are meant to stay for eternity. Thus, some of the committees are regulated over a span of one year only. This can be referred to as the Estimates committee as well as the Committee of private Members bill. In addition to this aspect, some of the committees are meant to be resolved, once the Lok Sabha is not in power. This can be related to the Business and the Advisory Committee.
The major composition of the committees of the Indian parliament:
The committee is an important body that is associated with framing rules and regulations and the passing of major important documents in the Indian parliament. Therefore, the committee is always ruled by competent individuals, who are well aware of the laws of the land. Under these basic criteria, the composition of the committees varies accordingly. Their powers are operative under the segments of power only. The members of the house all enjoy equal powers and status under the newly elected committees. The House is only responsible for electing the members, with the special status given to the favors of the ministers.
The Deputy Speaker is said to be the Chairman of the committee in the Indian parliament. All decisions taken are first signed in the presence of the Deputy Speaker. No bill or document can no un-passed without the signature of the speaker. Thus, it is important for the Deputy Speaker to examine the cases and other functional prospects thoroughly, as the main member and head of the committee. However, it is under the Speaker only that the rules are framed and conducted to be regulated within a time frame. Therefore, the committees altogether stand for the welfare of regulating business in the Indian parliament!