The caste system in India is very common and it is particularly defined as social structure as per the class of people which is actually decided by their birth. So, it won’t be exaggerated to state that Caste System in India is the hereditary categorization of people in the society and it is used to differentiate people by their status in society or relative degree of social prestige. A person’s status gets pre-determined in the Caste System of India.
It offers social stratification to the person as it categorizes them into diversified groups that are referred to as caste and it is based mainly on the basis of your family tree. This particular system is referred to as the caste system, but the social status of the person is decided by their birth.
Caste System Meaning, Features, Causes, Effects and Solutions:
The Highlights of the Caste System
- Caste System in India is the hereditary classification of people which actually sounds quite awkward and unfair in the modern society we live in today. However, the base of the Caste System is decided by birth and hence it is not under your control. It is predetermined before the birth of the person.
- Caste System in India is also used to categorize the class of people’s jobs in order to avoid the intermingling between diverse categories of society. The entire concept of dignity of labor is determined in the practice of the Caste System.
- The Caste System in India also separates society into different segments. This practice focuses on grouping people of the same statues together. So, a clear segmentation between poor and rich can be seen in the practice and people are forced to limit their access within their castes only.
- Due to the Caste System in India, there is inequality amongst the people. Since people in India are categorized into low and high caste, they are treated differently and jobs are offered based on their caste. The hierarchy of caste is actually decided by the family history of the person or by their professional. The high caste society enjoys more liberty and low caste people were miserably treated by the people belonging to high caste.
What are the Causes of the Caste System?
- Caste System basically decides your social status by your ability to do the job and people with certain skills and capabilities are judged by their professional ability.
- The Caste System also dictated the career choice of particular people and everyone in the family tree needs to follow the same career path of their ancestors and stick to the hereditary based profession
- Since the high caste people wanted to gain more power in society, this practice was formed with the purpose to gain power over the lower strata.
- Humans were status hungry and always desired to outrun each other in society and with Caste System segregation people retained the social status over generations.
What are the Effects of Caste System?
- Caste System limits freedom amongst people. All the rules restrict people to practice all the things within their caste and stepping outside the caste and socializing with others are not allowed
- Caste System is against the democratic rights of the people that force the people to follow their caste segregation laws, keeping the democracy aside.
- Due to Caste System untouchability was introduced and the sense of superiority amongst people of high class is another drawback
Solutions for Caste System
Education and spreading literacy can eradicate the Caste System. By educating people about their moral and democratic rights Caste System can be eliminated from society
Industrialization in rural areas can increase uncaused job opportunities and this can break the Caste System when the employment rate will increase.
Urbanization of the villages and promoting inter-caste marriages, and spreading modernization can also break the Caste System in India.